Opioids have been abused for an extended period of time. Opiate usage escalated in the early 1980s, when Big Pharma promoted the treatment of discomfort without recognizing their abuse potential. At that time, health organizations and healthcare facilities promoted discomfort control by dispersing sketches of facial grimaces illustrating discomfort scales to treat pain accordingly.
The end result was more composed prescriptions. That caused the existing opioid epidemic; according to the Center For Disease Control, hospitals in the United States see approximately 1,000 patients a day for abuse of prescription opiates (such as methadone, oxycodone and hydrocodone).
How much has the death rate increased? Because 1990, more than 200,000 deaths have been attributed to an overdoses from prescription opioids-- at a rate of almost 50 deaths daily.
Recently, awareness by doctors of the present opioid epidemic crisis has shifted the pendulum to the opposite, causing less prescriptions composed for painkillers. This has led the client to look for street heroin. Heroin use has increased with altering of the structure of some of the prescription painkillers. Likewise, making use of heroin has increased with the rising expense of hard-to-get prescription pain relievers. With intravenous heroin use, the rate of overdose death increased. In the last couple of years overdose death from heroin has actually jumped because of lacing heroin with fentanyl-- a surgical anesthetic opiate which is 50 times more powerful than heroin.
There are about 180 deaths daily from opioid overdose in the USA, surpassing all other causes of death. This number is expected to increase even greater.
Here are some statistics of the opioid crisis:
Overdose is the leading reason for unintentional death in USA.
In 2015: There were 52,000 lethal cases-- consisting of 20,000 due to prescription painkiller overdose deaths and 13,000 fatal heroin overdoses.
In 2015: There were 21 million substance usage disorder cases. Two million cases associated to prescription drugs and 600,000 related to heroin.
From 1999-2008: The increase in deaths from prescription painkillers and sales of such tablets quadrupled. Admissions to medical facilities due to overdose increased sixfold.
In 2012: There were 259 million prescriptions written for pain reliever medications, which would cover one prescription for each American adult.
In 2014: 94% of users selected heroin over prescription medications because tablets were more expensive and more difficult to get.
Amongst heroin users, 23% develop opioid addiction.
These realities and stats are uneasy because of the increasing deaths affecting many families. It must be Source a commitment and top priority for healthcare professionals (specifically addiction specialists) to help deal review with these dependent patients to avoid further overdoses and deaths.